Blue Flower

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Everyone has experienced the pain of a bad lecture when there is just absolutely nothing that reaches out and captures one's imagination. You squirm, you daydream, and then, when it's over, you can't recall a single thing that was said. In that situation, one can safely say that not much learning took place, not just because the delivery might have been ineffectual, but even more compellingly because the speaker failed to ever connect with his/her audience.

The educational psychologist Robert Gagne studied the problem of developing ideal learning conditions and, after years of research published his findings in a book titled Conditions of Learning released in 1965. Basically, he discovered that to create ideal learning conditions, there are nine instructional events that must take place.

The first event, which he describes as "gaining attention", is critical. If you intellectually stimulate the learners, you're activating receptors in their brain, and they are more likely to pay attention. Once you've gained their attention, you should develop activities that will do the following:

* learners of objectives and create levels of expectation
* Present new instructional content
* Guide your students by creating topics—sub-topics—and step by step sequences
* Stimulate recall of prior learning and reinforce it through lesson review. Offer remedial, if necessary
* Assess performance via quizzes
* Each quiz should provide feedback (either automatically or personally)
* Apply knowledge to job or other related activity

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Gagne's "instructional events" are not set in stone, but they are very useful when putting any course together. Notice that they are heavily weighted towards performance and reinforcement, which is not too surprising as Gagne was a resolute behaviorist. Other theorists such as Vygotsky might lean more heavily toward social learning and put more emphasis on the discussion forums. Still there is an other behaviorists which emphasize on exposing students to review content 7 times.

English3 learning center is using all above activities in our courses recommended by Gagne .